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Production Checklist

Before taking your Next.js application to production, there are some optimizations and patterns you should consider implementing for the best user experience, performance, and security.

This page provides best practices that you can use as a reference when building your application, before going to production, and after deployment - as well as the automatic Next.js optimizations you should be aware of.

Automatic optimizations

These Next.js optimizations are enabled by default and require no configuration:

  • Code-splitting: Next.js automatically code-splits your application code by pages. This means only the code needed for the current page is loaded on navigation. You may also consider lazy loading third-party libraries, where appropriate.
  • Prefetching: When a link to a new route enters the user's viewport, Next.js prefetches the route in background. This makes navigation to new routes almost instant. You can opt out of prefetching, where appropriate.
  • Automatic Static Optimization: Next.js automatically determines that a page is static (can be pre-rendered) if it has no blocking data requirements. Optimized pages can be cached, and served to the end-user from multiple CDN locations. You may opt into Server-side Rendering, where appropriate.

These defaults aim to improve your application's performance, and reduce the cost and amount of data transferred on each network request.

During development

While building your application, we recommend using the following features to ensure the best performance and user experience:

Routing and rendering

Data fetching and caching

  • API Routes: Use Route Handlers to access your backend resources, and prevent sensitive secrets from being exposed to the client.
  • Data Caching: Verify whether your data requests are being cached or not, and opt into caching, where appropriate. Ensure requests that don't use getStaticProps are cached where appropriate.
  • Incremental Static Regeneration: Use Incremental Static Regeneration to update static pages after they've been built, without rebuilding your entire site.
  • Static Images: Use the public directory to automatically cache your application's static assets, e.g. images.

UI and accessibility

  • Font Module: Optimize fonts by using the Font Module, which automatically hosts your font files with other static assets, removes external network requests, and reduces layout shift.
  • <Image> Component: Optimize images by using the Image Component, which automatically optimizes images, prevents layout shift, and serves them in modern formats like WebP or AVIF.
  • <Script> Component: Optimize third-party scripts by using the Script Component, which automatically defers scripts and prevents them from blocking the main thread.
  • ESLint: Use the built-in eslint-plugin-jsx-a11y plugin to catch accessibility issues early.


  • Environment Variables: Ensure your .env.* files are added to .gitignore and only public variables are prefixed with NEXT_PUBLIC_.
  • Content Security Policy: Consider adding a Content Security Policy to protect your application against various security threats such as cross-site scripting, clickjacking, and other code injection attacks.

Metadata and SEO

  • <Head> Component: Use the next/head component to add page titles, descriptions, and more.

Type safety

  • TypeScript and TS Plugin: Use TypeScript and the TypeScript plugin for better type-safety, and to help you catch errors early.

Before going to production

Before going to production, you can run next build to build your application locally and catch any build errors, then run next start to measure the performance of your application in a production-like environment.

Core Web Vitals

  • Lighthouse: Run lighthouse in incognito to gain a better understanding of how your users will experience your site, and to identify areas for improvement. This is a simulated test and should be paired with looking at field data (such as Core Web Vitals).

Analyzing bundles

Use the @next/bundle-analyzer plugin to analyze the size of your JavaScript bundles and identify large modules and dependencies that might be impacting your application's performance.

Additionally, the following tools can help you understand the impact of adding new dependencies to your application:

After deployment

Depending on where you deploy your application, you might have access to additional tools and integrations to help you monitor and improve your application's performance.

For Vercel deployments, we recommend the following:

  • Analytics: A built-in analytics dashboard to help you understand your application's traffic, including the number of unique visitors, page views, and more.
  • Speed Insights: Real-world performance insights based on visitor data, offering a practical view of how your website is performing in the field.
  • Logging: Runtime and Activity logs to help you debug issues and monitor your application in production. Alternatively, see the integrations page for a list of third-party tools and services.

Good to know:

To get a comprehensive understanding of the best practices for production deployments on Vercel, including detailed strategies for improving website performance, refer to the Vercel Production Checklist.

Following these recommendations will help you build a faster, more reliable, and secure application for your users.