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Next.js extends the native Web fetch() API to allow each request on the server to set its own persistent caching and revalidation semantics.

In the browser, the cache option indicates how a fetch request will interact with the browser's HTTP cache. With this extension, cache indicates how a server-side fetch request will interact with the framework's persistent Data Cache.

You can call fetch with async and await directly within Server Components.

export default async function Page() {
  // This request should be cached until manually invalidated.
  // Similar to `getStaticProps`.
  // `force-cache` is the default and can be omitted.
  const staticData = await fetch(`https://...`, { cache: 'force-cache' })
  // This request should be refetched on every request.
  // Similar to `getServerSideProps`.
  const dynamicData = await fetch(`https://...`, { cache: 'no-store' })
  // This request should be cached with a lifetime of 10 seconds.
  // Similar to `getStaticProps` with the `revalidate` option.
  const revalidatedData = await fetch(`https://...`, {
    next: { revalidate: 10 },
  return <div>...</div>

fetch(url, options)

Since Next.js extends the Web fetch() API, you can use any of the native options available.


Configure how the request should interact with Next.js Data Cache.

fetch(`https://...`, { cache: 'force-cache' | 'no-store' })
  • no-store (default): Next.js fetches the resource from the remote server on every request without looking in the cache, and it will not update the cache with the downloaded resource.
  • force-cache: Next.js looks for a matching request in its Data Cache.
    • If there is a match and it is fresh, it will be returned from the cache.
    • If there is no match or a stale match, Next.js will fetch the resource from the remote server and update the cache with the downloaded resource.

Good to know: The no-cache option behaves the same way as no-store in Next.js.

fetch(`https://...`, { next: { revalidate: false | 0 | number } })

Set the cache lifetime of a resource (in seconds).

  • false - Cache the resource indefinitely. Semantically equivalent to revalidate: Infinity. The HTTP cache may evict older resources over time.
  • 0 - Prevent the resource from being cached.
  • number - (in seconds) Specify the resource should have a cache lifetime of at most n seconds.

Good to know:

  • If an individual fetch() request sets a revalidate number lower than the default revalidate of a route, the whole route revalidation interval will be decreased.
  • If two fetch requests with the same URL in the same route have different revalidate values, the lower value will be used.
  • As a convenience, it is not necessary to set the cache option if revalidate is set to a number.
  • Conflicting options such as { revalidate: 3600, cache: 'no-store' } will cause an error.

fetch(`https://...`, { next: { tags: ['collection'] } })

Set the cache tags of a resource. Data can then be revalidated on-demand using revalidateTag. The max length for a custom tag is 256 characters and the max tag items is 64.

Version History

v15.0.0Default cache option was changed from 'force-cache' to 'no-store'
v13.0.0fetch introduced.