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App Router...Metadata Filesfavicon, icon, and apple-icon

favicon, icon, and apple-icon

The favicon, icon, or apple-icon file conventions allow you to set icons for your application.

They are useful for adding app icons that appear in places like web browser tabs, phone home screens, and search engine results.

There are two ways to set app icons:

Image files (.ico, .jpg, .png)

Use an image file to set an app icon by placing a favicon, icon, or apple-icon image file within your /app directory. The favicon image can only be located in the top level of app/.

Next.js will evaluate the file and automatically add the appropriate tags to your app's <head> element.

File conventionSupported file typesValid locations
icon.ico, .jpg, .jpeg, .png, .svgapp/**/*
apple-icon.jpg, .jpeg, .pngapp/**/*


Add a favicon.ico image file to the root /app route segment.

<head> output
<link rel="icon" href="/favicon.ico" sizes="any" />


Add an icon.(ico|jpg|jpeg|png|svg) image file.

<head> output


Add an apple-icon.(jpg|jpeg|png) image file.

<head> output

Good to know

  • You can set multiple icons by adding a number suffix to the file name. For example, icon1.png, icon2.png, etc. Numbered files will sort lexically.
  • Favicons can only be set in the root /app segment. If you need more granularity, you can use icon.
  • The appropriate <link> tags and attributes such as rel, href, type, and sizes are determined by the icon type and metadata of the evaluated file.
    • For example, a 32 by 32px .png file will have type="image/png" and sizes="32x32" attributes.
  • sizes="any" is added to favicon.ico output to avoid a browser bug where an .ico icon is favored over .svg.

Generate icons using code (.js, .ts, .tsx)

In addition to using literal image files, you can programmatically generate icons using code.

Generate an app icon by creating an icon or apple-icon route that default exports a function.

File conventionSupported file types
icon.js, .ts, .tsx
apple-icon.js, .ts, .tsx

The easiest way to generate an icon is to use the ImageResponse API from next/og.

import { ImageResponse } from 'next/og'
// Image metadata
export const size = {
  width: 32,
  height: 32,
export const contentType = 'image/png'
// Image generation
export default function Icon() {
  return new ImageResponse(
      // ImageResponse JSX element
          fontSize: 24,
          background: 'black',
          width: '100%',
          height: '100%',
          display: 'flex',
          alignItems: 'center',
          justifyContent: 'center',
          color: 'white',
    // ImageResponse options
      // For convenience, we can re-use the exported icons size metadata
      // config to also set the ImageResponse's width and height.
<head> output
<link rel="icon" href="/icon?<generated>" type="image/png" sizes="32x32" />

Good to know


The default export function receives the following props:

params (optional)

An object containing the dynamic route parameters object from the root segment down to the segment icon or apple-icon is colocated in.

export default function Icon({ params }: { params: { slug: string } }) {
  // ...
app/shop/[slug]/icon.js/shop/1{ slug: '1' }
app/shop/[tag]/[item]/icon.js/shop/1/2{ tag: '1', item: '2' }


The default export function should return a Blob | ArrayBuffer | TypedArray | DataView | ReadableStream | Response.

Good to know: ImageResponse satisfies this return type.

Config exports

You can optionally configure the icon's metadata by exporting size and contentType variables from the icon or apple-icon route.

size{ width: number; height: number }
contentTypestring - image MIME type


icon.tsx | apple-icon.tsx
export const size = { width: 32, height: 32 }
export default function Icon() {}
<head> output
<link rel="icon" sizes="32x32" />


icon.tsx | apple-icon.tsx
export const contentType = 'image/png'
export default function Icon() {}
<head> output
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" />

Route Segment Config

icon and apple-icon are specialized Route Handlers that can use the same route segment configuration options as Pages and Layouts.

Version History

v13.3.0favicon icon and apple-icon introduced